Five Stages of Language Acquisition

Stage 1:  
Pre-production
Stage 2: 
Early Production 
Stage 3: 
Speech Emergence
Stage 4: 
Intermediate
Stage 5: 
Fluency
Students have very few oral skills and may only respond nonverbally by pointing, gesturing, nodding, or drawing. What should teachers do?  

Teachers can provide plenty of opportunities for active listening by utilizing visual and concrete objects.

Students listen with greater understanding and can produce a limited number of English words, phrases, and simple sentences related to social everyday events. What should teachers do?

Teachers should ask yes/no, either/or, and listing-type questions.  Students can improve reading comprehension in English if text is accompanied by illustrations that support the text being presented.

Students can understand written English when accompanied by concrete contexts, such as pictures, objects, actions, and sounds.  Students usually understand ideas about events within the range of their own personal experience.
What should teachers do?

Teachers can provide meaningful contexts in which students can share and  express themselves through
either speech or print for a wide range of purposes and audiences.

Students demonstrate increased levels of accuracy and correctness and are able to express thoughts and feelings. What should teachers do?

Teachers can provide opportunities for students to create oral and written narratives.

Students produce language utilizing varied grammatical structures and vocabulary, comparable to native English speakers of the same age. What should teachers do?

Teachers can provide ongoing language development through integrated language arts and content-area activities.

Information provided by Dr. Antonio Fierro.

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